Grain storage technology using horizontal silo technology
Grain storage technology using horizontal silo technology
Dr. Mohamed Mostafa El Khouly ... Professor at Agricultural Engineering Research Institute
Grain storage in the past was in a silo of clay to be a buffer of heat and humidity and was covered completely silo and there is a hole from the bottom to withdraw the grain from them, and in this way, the grain remained throughout the year intact because this method makes the grain breathe well and get out of carbon dioxide and take oxygen This method is widespread in the countryside.
In another development, storage in sealed plastic barrels appeared because plastic is an insulated insulating material.
Until the days of the Pharaohs, they were storing under the surface of the earth, making a hole under the surface of the soil because the temperature under the surface of the soil less than the outside by about 15 degrees Celsius outside the heat.
Even in the agricultural land at the moment we bury underground irrigation pipes at a certain distance to cool the water, the same theory is closing the silo under the surface of the earth and remain grain throughout the year intact
If we notice that the silo is in the form of a barrel or clay silo above the surface, this is for storage of small quantities .. The large quantities do not fit with clay silos or plastic drums.
The current grain storage technology in plastic bags length 60 meters with a diameter of 3 meters takes about 200 tons because the plastic has certain advantages, the idea in the materials made of plastic, which consists of three layers, the first white layer that reflects the sun and prevents UV rays that spoil the grain.
It also prevents the entry of moisture and prevents the water and when the full mullet there are no spaces and the thickness of 25 microns well bear .. The oxygen is reduced because the grain began to breathe Vizid carbon dioxide significantly prevent the growth of fungi, here we achieved what we want like Pharaohs but new technology .. Not available Heat or moisture prevents the growth of fungi,
This method is suitable for grain storage up to 18 months
In Egypt we have a problem, for example, in yellow maize, which has risen to almost double the price and thus led to high prices of poultry and meat, here we can store grain throughout the year.
The government recently thought of planting and storing 350,000 acres of yellow corn. Here, we need cheap new storage technology
The faba bean is a problem in licorice, and lichens can not grow in such bags, or plastic silos because there is a large carbon dioxide
In the Institute of Agricultural Engineering we took a project from the Academy of Scientific Research and we got all the possibilities and visits visited South Africa, Sudan, India, Ukraine, Turkey, Morocco and Sudan.
Sudan was the first site we visited. The Sudan used to store 500,000 tons of wheat every year for a storage period of 18 months. We have only 6 months in Egypt. We do not have an atmosphere like Sudan, which has a temperature of 55 degrees. All kinds of insects are available there. any problems.
Every site there has 250 thousand tons and each silo numbered and logger and everyone knows Silatta and when he unloaded.
We have in Egypt this technology in Egypt three years ago in Belqas Dakahlia and we have plowed the site and the work of laser tendencies in the required settlement, and at the same time special tendencies and then ground the soil because mud soil is fragile, the silo is 200 tons, we need your land.
All the storage is mechanical and does not need to work and without wasting time, we need the main machine called the sausage machine, the silo and another machine to unload the grain in a short period of time and leave a year or two as we want and then unload it mechanically and in an inexpensive way and without labor.
We bought the machines with four machines and we used the Sudanese experience because they have ten years of experience and we are better at working because the Egyptians are learning fast.
We raise the grain in the trailer and put it in the bowl by means of the balance first with the balance of the biscuits. We operate the basic machine that drives the grain inside the silo mechanically and the silo is installed before it.
The silo is from the outside, white, and from the inside is black, so that the light does not penetrate, and the growth of the vegetable part occurs. The machine drives the grain inside in the same way as the sausage. The silo loads the tractor in a certain way so that the silo is technically filled in a certain way and then fills the silo every half an hour. Reversing the past Imagine 200 tons taking several days in the normal way
After the silo pallet we technically make sure of some parts and then close it with a thermo-welding machine from the other.
And every silo with 200 tons and each silo numbered and stored for two full years without evaporation and without electricity or bribery, leave it filled with grain for up to 18 months without any changes that were harvested now no fear of plastic because it is completely insulating to rain and does not stand water even in winter because the ground level in a way And take samples every two months to check only after a year as the grain was out of the ground in the harvest now and was not evaporated twice a year as in the past and at high cost
In the unloading the machine starts pulling the grain out of the silo and receiving it in the trailer which is filled with grain. In the past, the trailer was covered with a period of about 7 hours, but now the whole bed is in a period not exceeding ten minutes or maximum half an hour.
This was done after we visited Italy, Spain, Sudan, Argentina and Poland. A Spanish delegation also visited us when we started work
There is in Spain the Institute of Inia produces these silos and we connect with him and make silos of its own property of Alnti Fenghai, Alnti Venga advantage is very good because the atom, for example, high humidity needs high dryers and high humidity, in this way do not need the dryers using Alnti Vengey