Agriculture and its problems between politics and practice
· Dr. Salah Youssef, the former Minister of Agriculture, fires his shells.
· The selection of ministers is not due to efficiency, but there are other criteria for this is the low level of agriculture in Egypt.
· If any minister presents a vision for self-sufficiency of wheat, he will not be in office.
· Canceling the agricultural cycle will make every farmer planted on his hobby and the state going randomly and without any planning.
• The pesticide system is completely flawed due to the failure of the Ministry of Agriculture.
In an important symposium of Dr. Salah Youssef, former Minister of Agriculture during the International Conference on Agriculture, Reclamation and Animal Production, the former minister talked about the problems of agriculture between politics and practice, stressing a number of important facts and problems facing the agricultural sector in Egypt and its direct impact on the national economy.
In the beginning, he stressed that the total imports of Egypt represent 60% of our food needs of agricultural materials, while agriculture represents only 17% of the national income !!!
There is no clear policy for the state that the official can follow. Over the last hundred years, 81 ministers of agriculture were seated in them, Dr. Yusuf and 25 years and 80 ministers sat 75 years, less than one year for each minister. How will this change continue? Short periods do not give the minister the opportunity to work in the long term and the selection of the Minister of Agriculture must be based on scientific efficiency, but is chosen according to many criteria; therefore, the low level of agriculture in Egypt.
Dr. Salah Youssef explained that international relations affect the policy and the Ministry of Agriculture directly; and there are some internal decisions that have affected agriculture in large part, including the cessation of the agricultural cycle since 1994 by an informal decision and the absence of agricultural cycle means the lack of planning of the state; Contributes to the non-self-sufficiency of strategic crops and thus increase prices; and the policy affects the cooperatives that supported the farmer in the sixties and provide him with all his needs and marketing the crop and the idea of contributing to food security that contribute to agriculture to bridge the food gap and limit the increase of Great prices.
Regarding the problem of fertilizers, the minister talked about the roots of the problem, which started when the prices of fertilizers were released and the price of fertilizer increased significantly and turned into a free trade and benefited from the support of a group of businessmen and investors.
As for our international, Arab and African relations and its connection to agriculture, Dr. Salah Youssef emphasized that our Arab relations are purely commercial; our relations with Europe are strategic and must be directed towards Sudan and complemented with them because it has 200 million feddans suitable for agriculture; but we have not started this over the years. And the Sudan is welcoming this integration and this provides us with all the food supplies; dealing with Europe is very important and confirms that we are a strong and large country; our products must be subject to scientific competence to compete with our products in the world markets; But because we are working unknowingly, we are losing this important market, although it is a promising market; because of inefficiency we can not control this market; we export Russia from 170 to 300,000 tons of potatoes; although the market can absorb more than 7 million tons Potato; and we called for improving the level of potato seeds and did not respond to anyone but we are operating system Alfhalwa and Shatra this lost the world market.
The cotton crop, he said, was about 2 million feddans. This contributed to the Egyptian economy by 60% of the national income. We extracted oil and animal food from the seeds and the textile industry. Now we are only planting about 200,000 feddans. We export raw cotton even though we are still distinguished by certain varieties; even Pakistan sells its cotton on the basis that it is Egyptian; we can not market our products.
As for the wheat crop, he said that he is not very much influenced by politics. Each ministry has a policy of pricing wheat; increasing prices once and lowering prices again; so it is better to increase the domestic prices of wheat, so the cultivated area increases; therefore we do not need to import from abroad. While the Egyptian wheat is of the highest quality in the world; he explained that the area of wheat cultivation is affected by politics within the country; the less the area is low, there is a political vision for it; that if the minister provided a vision of self-sufficiency of wheat, It is said of the ministry because the vision Politics is still not convinced that we must be self-sufficient from strategic crops.
On the rice crop, Dr. Salah Youssef said that the cultivated area is about 1.4 million feddans. This area is sufficient for Egyptian consumption while preventing the export of the product. However, there are companies that manipulate the market and take high quality Egyptian cotton and export it abroad. Then when there is a decline in the Egyptian supply, The minister talked about the relationship of the health of the Egyptian citizen with the use of fertilizers and pesticides and their impact on the injury of citizens with cancer and kidney failure; in addition to the increase in the number of farmers, The pesticides system has a direct impact on human health whether recommended or not recommended; how to use them; ministerial decisions prohibit pesticides that are harmful to human health and are internationally banned and banned; Because most companies register pesticides on one crop to evade the registration fees and the registration system in the Ministry of Agriculture needs to see