Vaccination in vegetable plants did not take real attention at the global level, but in recent times the need arose for it
Vaccination is that part of the plant is used as bait to produce the plant and another part is used as a pest in the soil, the root is the basis and taste is the plant variety that we want to proliferate
Vaccination in fruit started early in 1560 BC and was used in olive trees. It was normal in the forests, and the trees naturally joined and joined each other naturally.
In the 1920s, Korea and Japan were vaccinated because East Asia and Southeast Asia had very small agricultural areas. They cultivated these crops continuously and annually. They did not have the usual agricultural cycle, which caused diseases. Therefore, vaccination in the vegetables is very widespread in Japan. China and Southeast Asia, and there is no proliferation in Europe or the United States for large agricultural areas in Europe and the United States.
In Asia, they have small areas and are forced to grow the same crops constantly and narrow spaces, which helped spread the diseases of the soil so they were the first to Vkro in the point of vaccination in the vegetables,
Vaccination began in 1920 on watermelon, and in 1990 began to expand and spread in a very large way, the purpose of vaccination is to use the root of a plant other than the original plant because the original plant was infected with soil diseases, as well as the original plant affected by salinity and salinity water and heat, and the efficiency of the original root in the absorption of water And the rest of the elements are few, so we get the plant root group is strong so that balance between the total greens and roots, as well as bear salinity, pumpkin tree is very salinity and the root is scattered in the ground, which helps to absorb water and other elements large, The Water and other elements well, its efficiency is great in fertilizer use.
A pumpkin other than pumpkin or zucchini, which is a completely different species, and the fruit is the one that produces the common wooden pulp, sometimes used as a small to eat as a cupola and not spread in Egypt
The original vaccination gives a great growth force and makes early fermentation and yield is good, also used in the fields of plant breeding because some plants are difficult to pay for flowering. In the vaccination we pay the plants for flowering and also give the crop double as an example Tomato graft on the roots of potato, which gives a crop of tomatoes and potato crop at the same time,
For example, we feed a part of the potato tree and use it as a root. Then we feed the root of the tree from the tomato tree. We get a double crop in the soil that is the fruits of the potatoes and in the branches the fruit of the tomato, meaning producing two crops at the same time using the same tree.
Vaccination reduces the use of pesticides. Watermelon is known to be grown in the same soil for a year or two only so as not to be affected by soil diseases. Vaccination is now being cultivated in the same place because the use of several assets in the same place is given as a whole agricultural cycle. Seedless (a watermelon without seeds) and very expensive up to 3 pounds per seed.
Vaccination started in Egypt in 1965 on the school scale. It spread only in 1990 and in the last 20 years, the nursery started to spread, and the nurseries spread so widely that the volume of our consumption or imports of assets from abroad reached 20 to 25 million seeds. Almost .
The problem we have was in the stage of localization, we bring the plant and bring the taste that will give the fruit then from another tree, how to maintain the vitality and freshness of the branch of the cut, it would require experience and the existence of appropriate conditions for it.
One of the things that we should care about is that the pieces are in the original and the taste is one. Even when they are installed, the adhesion is one without any voids, and the contact is continuous and the fusion occurs without air blanks, so that the taste does not dry and the graft is damaged.
The success rate is currently 90 to 95%. The last success rate was 45 to 50%. It is important to have the right temperature and suitable conditions. Moisture is not less than 90% to 95%. Partial Plant.
In Egypt, ten years ago, the UNIDO project took care of this part. At the international level, attention was paid to an alternative method of protection against fungi and soil diseases that affect human health.
New technology has emerged from Europe with the use of special closures and cuttings for the harvested plant, which needs special conditions to maintain vitality and vitality just like the patient in the ICU, who needs special care.
Methods of vaccination
He cut the original from the bottom down and cut the bait from top to bottom.
Vaccination with one receipt:
It is the cutting of the leaf at the corner and the same angle in the bait and are installed and the installation of the clamp and must be very fast and without the currents of air because the presence of air currents make the taste dry, will not occur fusion if lost moisture by
After vaccination, the healing is transferred (eg ICU).
Vaccination is done to prevent soil diseases and prevent water shortage, high or low temperatures, or the disappearance of plant problems in general.
Problems facing plants are divided into two types:
Vitality: a disease that affects plants, pathogens and insects
Inorganic: salinity, drought, lack of elements and provide the efficiency of the plant to absorb the elements, which have a significant return on the plant and so does not occur to plant deformities, vaccination addresses all these parts.