Challenges of climate change and plant production between problem and solution
"Agri Business" discusses the challenges of climate change and plant production between the problem and the solution to Dr. / Hani Sorour
In the activities of the exhibition of Agro-Agriculture, Reclamation and Animal Production, the third session was the presentation of some scientific and extension seminars that helped many farmers to raise awareness and work in a sound scientific manner that helps to increase productivity through an advanced method of work. Among these symposiums is Dr. Hany Soroura, Ain Shams entitled the challenges of climate change and plant production in Egypt, saying:
In the beginning, I would like to emphasize that climate change has had an impact on all walks of life starting from humans and then animal and plant. These climatic changes must have solutions so as not to affect the plant production. We have some advanced research in cooperation with foreign universities in order to try Addressing this problem
First, we will talk about the impact of climate change on agriculture in Egypt. There are studies on the climate confirm that there is a rise in the range of 3 degrees Celsius in the coming years until 2090 and this very large percentage may lead to increase the level of water in the seas and the disappearance of some areas, Of all solutions, including engineering, architecture, environment and different sciences
Because of climate change last year there was a shortage in the production of winter crops - for example - wheat productivity average production of 18-20 feddans, but we found the productivity of 14-16 fed for feddan only !!!
This is due to the period of growth of wheat in winter, when the waves get higher temperatures, wheat seeds in the ground to close the gaps to keep water inside because of the sense of high temperature, but it has the advantage of the benefit of the carbon element and there is no fertilization of the carbon element because it is in the air so there is a shortage of carbon element Due to climate change
Second: the grape plant we find the number of clusters on the trees one, the number of grapes in the cluster one, the size of his love one grape but weight less than 30% .....
So why this strange equation ?? Because the amount of dry material produced by the process of construction of photogravure where the installation of carbon dioxide did not occur because of high temperatures in February and March and because the increase in temperature led to a decline in the proportion of sugar and delay the process of coloring in colored varieties
We have tried to address these problems by supplying the plant with the element of carbon by developing a group of compounds and acids Carbxolin and give to the plant to make the interaction of construction of light continues even with the closure of gaps
These experiments have already been implemented on the ground and have succeeded significantly and there is another impact of climate change and the increase in temperature is an increase in salinity of the ground as a result of increased salinity of groundwater directly affecting the soil and we tried to solve this problem by developing a compound that helps dissolve the element of sodium and supply the plant elements needed In order to finally reach a good crop yield
Also, the impact of climate change is the diseases of Egyptian soil and the increase in the quantity of pests and diseases and this affects the agricultural product of Egypt, so we have made pesticides and we have pioneered in the development of natural pesticides and we have exported outside Egypt these natural pesticides for European countries and Arab and African These pesticides make crops free of pesticides Which affect the health of humans as they make crops good and fit for export abroad because they are in conformity with international standards